Vertical gardening is one of the most efficient gardening techniques being employed by modern gardeners. Compared to traditional horizontal gardening, it maximizes space utilization and produces greater yields. Moreover, it is a great way to beautify your home walls or fences through upright crops. Besides this, it is the best alternative for growers with limited ground space. If you too like to make the most of your garden space, plant a vertical garden. Here are step by step instructions of “How to grow a vertical garden”. Follow these steps and successfully own a vertical garden:
Vertical Gardening- Growing more in less space!
Vertical gardening is a highly productive, innovative gardening technique that grows plants vertically instead of along the surface of a land. This approach is quite suited for people who have limited space or just don’t have any horizontal place to grow. It is often called living or green wall.
Select the suitable place: Choose a balcony facing east or west to enable it receive direct sunlight. Plan to construct a garden at the back of this balcony. Keep in mind that the vegetables will require at least 6 hours of sunlight for successful propagation. If you plan to grow in a yard, choose a place against the south-facing fence or wall.
Choose the desired vertical structure: Select an appropriate vertical support system for your vertical garden. Some of the structures include wall, fence, pyramid, tripod, wire case and trellis. An arbor, arch or a hanging basket can also serve as a genuine focal area for supporting your plants and veggies. Choose the structure according to the plant; some require sturdy support structure while some can tolerate every support system.
Prepare the Soil: Soil is a crucial element in both horizontal and vertical gardening. For vertical gardens, use weed-free and compost-rich soil. Make sure to mix it with perlite or peat moss. You can also plant a vertical garden using soilless media i.e. hydroponically. If the growing medium is soil, consider adding Olivia’s Growing Solution before planting.
Select Water Source: Choose the location close by a water source. Consider a drip irrigation system as an irrigation method for your garden. Professional gardeners use a drip system coupled with a sustainable drainage system for water recovery. Rope & pulley system is best suited for hanging baskets. For small setups one can use a handheld sprayer.
Choose Growing Containers: Choose the type and size of containers according to the plants that need to be planted. Select from window boxes, stainless steel containers, hanging baskets, cans, hanging pots, urns, pallets or wood crates. Drill holes at their bottom before filling the soil in the containers.
Select the plants: Most of the plants can be grown in a vertical garden. Choose the ones that require less soil. If you are a beginner, some great choices are lettuce, tomato, herbs, beans, chilly, capsicum, peas etc. Some of the ideal plants and vegetables for your vertical garden are:
|Ideal Vegetables:||Ideal Plants:|
|Winter Squash||Peace Lily|
|Pole Beans||Wedding Vine|
Maintain your Garden: Once you have planted your garden, the job is not over. That vertical garden requires consistence maintenance. Make sure the plants are getting adequate sunlight and moisture. Add desired fertilizers to the soil; if growing hydroponically, add desired nutrients. To keep bugs and diseases at bay, spray necessary insecticides and fungicides. Tie the climbing plants as they reach a definite height and harvest them to create a room for further growth.
Benefits of Vertical gardening: Vertical garden systems have numerous benefits. Some of them are:
• This gardening technique produces greater yield in lesser area.
• Vertical gardens have increased accessibility thus making the tasks of fertilizing, pruning, watering and harvesting much easy.
• Pest control is easier in vertical gardening systems unlike in that of traditional gardening.
• There is no doubt in the fact that plants remove toxic pollutants from air. So growing plants inside homes especially in balconies, window sides, entrances can make a huge difference to our health.
• A living wall can regulate temperature inside a building by providing necessary shade and improving exterior air quality.
• Vertical gardens are effective means to enhance the visual appeal of your living space by transforming ugly walls to fabulous vertical gardens.
• They act as a great sound proofing barrier by absorbing and eliminating unnecessary noise.
• Learn basics of Vertical gardens before starting one.
• Use Google map for locating the southern wall of your house.