Susceptibility of a garden to pests is one of the biggest problems faced by most of the gardeners. Despite pesticides help in dealing with them, they are not the only solution. However there are some ways that discourage their presence at the first place, yet there is treatment for pest control once they appear in your garden area. To know the various ways to control and tackle those pests, read on this article:
Methods of Pest Control:
There are various strategies to control garden pests each having its own advantages.
- Biological Pest Control: To counter some pests naturally, insects play an important role. They tend to act as their natural enemies and help in pests control. For example- use of bacterium to kill larvae, dung beetle to bury cow faeces etc.
- Chemical Pest Control: This method makes use of insecticides to kill pests. Spraying poisonous fumes and gases is also one of the effective pest control methods. But care should be taken while using this method as poisonous sprays can harm humans too.
- Mechanical Pest Control: It employs all hands-on techniques, equipment or devices to control pests. For example pulling out weeds, damaged plants etc.
Damage to a garden due to pests can be avoided at the first place if we follow general prevention tips. They are:
- Practice good hygiene to prevent pests. As long as the surroundings are kept clean; there is no point of their accumulation in the region.
- Pull out defected, weak crops or weeds from your garden. These plants worsen the problem by attracting predators.
- Disinfect all garden tools before moving them to different area. It will help in pest control up to a certain extent.
- Spraying pesticides in your garden area is the conventional method of garden pest control. Spray seaweed fertilizer which provides protection against slugs.
- Tend to keep foliage dry for most of the day time by watering early in the morning. This is because wet foliage is prone to pest attack.
- Growing different types of plants together is another method of preventing pest attack. As most of the pests are plant specific, following crop rotation will prevent pests spreading throughout the crop.
- Use healthy, disease- free seeds or plants. Moreover use organic soil and natural composting methods.
Pest Treatment according to their Type:
- Aphids: They are commonly known as black or green fly and attack most of the plants.
Control & Treatment: Spray aphid killer insecticide or a diluted washing-up liquid to kill these insects. Induce beneficial insects such as ladybugs, hover-flies and lacewings in your garden that prey on aphids. One can also consider insecticidal soap, horticulture oil, garlic or hot pepper sprays.
- Slugs & Snails: They are other common species found in the gardens. They attack plant roots and create holes in plant leaves.
Control & Treatment: Handpick these pests when spotted. You can also place slug & snail pellets near the plantation or sprinkle insect dust (Diatomaceous Earth) over them. Use barrier of pure coal soot or wood ash to tackle these pests. As a non-toxic medium, user copper barrier strips or beer trap (Burying jar of beer in the soil).
- Grasshoppers: They are well-known jumpers hovering in your garden area. Their presence is detected by semi-circular holes along the leaf margin, brown edges of chewed areas etc.
Control & Treatment: Use fabric row covers to protect the plants. Also, natural enemies like birds help in suppressing their population. These garden pests can also be tackled through pesticidal soaps, neem oil or diatomaceous spray. One grasshopper disease Nosema locustae is available commercially in baits and sprays formulation. Use those pest control products to get rid of these species.
- Spider Mites: They are commonly found webbing on crops especially houseplants.
Control & Treatment: Wash your plants frequently and keep them well-moist. Allow a forceful stream of water to knock them from the leaves. Otherwise use horticulture oil or insecticidal soap. One can also make use of predatory mites by releasing them in their gardens.
- Rats: They are one of the major pests that attack underground crops. Partially eaten vegetables can be a sign of their presence.
Control & Treatment: Don’t provide them ways to enter your garden; seal all pathways. Keep surroundings clean like pet dishes etc. Use secured bins for garbage disposal. Use conventional taps to catch them. Ammonium repellents are also very effective against these tunneling pests. Moreover keep flower bulbs in metal cages in order protect them.
Well, there are various ways to eliminate pests from garden area. Follow this guide to keep some of the major pests away from your plantations. For more gardening information, keep checking Olivia’s Solutions – Cloning and Propagation Blog.